A shoplifter is caught; he says he's sorry. A speeding motorist is pulled over; she says she's sorry. A careless driver causes an accident; he says he's sorry. Are they sorrowful? Yes. Humiliated? Possibly. Penitent? Maybe!
Two Kinds of Sorrow
For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation; but the sorrow of the world produces death.
2 Corinthians 7:10
Anguish over being caught and having to suffer punishment.
Conviction hardens the heart.
No change; will do it again if can avoid being caught.
Anguished over harm done and having to suffer punishment.
Convinced of the error, the heart is softened.
Abhors the act. Determined not to repeat.
FOUR ASPECTS OF TRUE REPENTANCE
Great pain and anguish of mind caused by guilt.
Feeling sorry about, looking back with distress.
Correct and put to an end. Abandon course.
Re-establish, repair, return to previous condition, give back.